Pulmonology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract.
A pulmonologist, or pulmonary disease specialist, is a physician who possesses specialized knowledge and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary (lung) conditions and diseases.
- Pulmonology is classified as an internal medicine sub specialty. Because of the variety of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine and other specialties is required in order to obtain certification.
The physician seeking certification in pulmonary medicine is expected to become knowledgeable about and acquire clinical experience with pulmonary diseases and disorders. Knowledge and competence in performing and interpreting tests and procedures must be acquired.
Expertise must be developed in monitoring and supervising special services and facilities – such as critical care or respiratory care units, pulmonary function laboratories, respiratory care techniques and services, and respiratory physical therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation facilities.
Pulmonary rehabilitation has been defined as multidimensional continuum of services directed to persons with pulmonary disease and their families, usually by an interdisciplinary team of specialists, with the goal of achieving and maintaining the individual’s maximum level of independence and functioning in the community.
Pulmonary rehabilitation is intended to educate the patient, the family, and improve the overall quality of life and prognosis for the patient.
Interventions can include exercise, education, emotional support, oxygen, noninvasive mechanical ventilation, optimization of airway secretion clearance, promoting compliance with medical care to reduce numbers of exacerbations and hospitalizations, and returning to work and/or a more active and emotionally satisfying life.
These goals are appropriate for any patients with diminished respiratory reserve whether due to obstructive or intrinsic pulmonary diseases (oxygenation impairment) or neuromuscular weakness (ventilatory impairment).
A pulmonary rehabilitation team may include a rehabilitation physician, a pulmonary medicine specialist, and allied health professionals including a rehabilitation nurse, a respiratory therapist, a physical therapist, an occupational therapist, a psychologist, and a socialworker among others. Additionally breathing games are used to motivate children to perform pulmonary rehabilitation.
Procedures in Buffalo Commonly Performed by Pulmonology Specialists:
- Breathing Treatments
- Endoscopic Therapy
- Respiratory Management
Pulmonary Conditions Treated
- Autoimmune Diseases
- Chronic Pulmonary Heart Diseases (incl. Pulmonary Hypertension)
- Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax)
- COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
- Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
- Interstitial Lung Disease
- Lung Cancer
- Lung Neoplasms, Not Specified as Malignant
- Lung Nodule
- Metastatic Respiratory System Cancer
- Pleural Effusion
- Pneumoconiosis and Pneumonopathy
- Pneumonitis (Due to Solids or Liquids)
- Primary Pulmonary Hypertension
- Pulmonary Disease
- Pulmonary Edema
- Pulmonary Embolism
- Pulmonary Eosinophilia
- Pulmonary Hypertension
- Pulmonary Incompetence
- Respiratory Failure
- Rheumatoid Lung Disease
- Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Disorders
- Systemic Sclerosis
- Vascular Disease
- Wegener’s Granulomatosis